The perfect Guide to Interior Design

Done well, interior design is alchemy. It can instantly change an area, a mood - even a lifetime. As Churchill famously declared: "we shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us." Whether you're planning a do-it-yourself project or looking to rent a specialist designer, read this Ultimate Guide to Interior Design to make sure your projects find yourself in interiors heaven.


 What is interior design?

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design

 Contrast & Variety 
Scale & Proportion
 Unity & Harmony

 How to Hire an indoor Designer

 Designer or Decorator?
 Establishing a Budget
 Finding Your Style
 Doing Research

 Doing it Yourself: 6 Tips for Perfect DIY Design

 Know yourself
 Make a design plan
 Pick a color palette 
Following the 7 Principles of Interior Design
 Using layering & texture

 Now Get the Look: Guide to Top Interior Design Styles 

 Shabby Chic
 Mid Century Modern
 Modern Coastal

 What is interior design? Where art and science meet.

 luxury interior design Luxurious interior design with agate feature wall

 At its simplest, interior design is that the layer of decoration on the inside of a building. But actually, it's far more than that. At its core, interior design is about creating interiors that function well and enhance the well-being of these who use the space. Good interior design not only looks beautiful but also improves the overall quality of life. The practice of interior design combines both art and science: it demands the understanding of an area, insight into the psychology of living during space, and therefore the creativity to introduce color, shape, and texture to best create a cohesive and pleasing environment.

 As a practice that involves numerous skillsets, its practitioners come from many various backgrounds. Depending upon the country they operate in, an indoor designer might not need official qualifications (for example, they are doing within the USA and Australia but not within the UK) - but some core principles apply whether or no formal training in interior design is important. All successful interior designers - then all successful interior design projects - come from combining creativity, organizational skills, attention to detail, and therefore the ability to speak your ideas clearly (whether this is often to clients, suppliers, or installers).

 In this guide, we'll cover off key aspects of interior design, like the 7 Principles of Interior Design and therefore the elements of the most on-trend interior design styles. But remember - design is usually personal, so rules are often bent (and sometimes even broken). As David Hicks said: "The best rooms have something to mention about the people that sleep in them."

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design. the rules for guaranteed interiors heaven.

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design are guidelines for creating a well-designed space. Designers incorporate these principles into every design decision to create interiors that are both beautiful and fully functional. While each principle is vital on its own, during a truly successful design, all 7 principles work together and complement one another.

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design - Balance in interior design requires an equal distribution of “visual weight”. Visual weight refers to how heavy or substantial an object appears to the human eye. Items that are large, solid, dark, or colorful will seem heavier than objects that are small, thin, open, or light in color. to realize good balance, divide an area into four equal quadrants. Each quarter should appear to contain roughly an equivalent volume of furnishings and objects.

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design - rhythm In music, rhythm occurs when a repetitive beat (or combination of beats) creates a musical pattern. Rhythm in interior design helps create a cohesive space with a good flow by using repetition to assist move the attention around the room. Repeated elements are often anything from color or pattern to finishes and materials, to shapes and designs. 

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design - emphasis The emphasis in interior design refers to a central element that acts because of the focus of an area. Common focal points include architectural features like a hearth or window. If an area doesn't have any noteworthy architectural features, a bit of art or furniture also can be a focus. 

 The focus should be the primary thing you notice once you enter the space and function as an anchor for space. Once you've got identified the focus, you'll create emphasis through furniture placement and with the utilization of color, light, and texture.

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design - contrast Contrast and variety create visual interest and stop interiors from feeling boring. Contrast provides drama and draws attention while the variety adds personality and variety. Create contrast by placing elements of striking difference next to at least one another. you'll achieve this effect with the utilization of color, shape, and space.

 you'll also use different colors, fabrics, and finishes alongside unique furniture pieces to feature variety to an area. The 7 Principles of Interior Design - scale Scale and proportion work together to make sure that objects during a room appear as if they belong there and also relate to at least one another. Scale refers to the dimensions of objects within an area, while proportion refers to the dimensions of 1 object in reference to another.

 The 7 Principles of Interior Design - unity Unity and harmony create an area that feels cohesive and makes sure that all the weather during a room desire a part of an entire. Unity is achieved when an overall theme is followed that guides the planning and ensures that each piece relates to every other. Decorating with items that have common colors, patterns, shapes, or styles will help create a harmonious room.

 7 principles of interior design - details Incorporating the above 6 principles will create an area with good flow and balance that feels well put together. But the small print is what makes an area come to life. the small print is easy to overlook but can have an enormous impact on the general look and feel of an area.

 Decorative details include items like trim and embellishments on textiles, architectural accents, and hardware, handles, and flourishes. Other less obvious details involve common features like wires from lamps and electronics, faceplates for outlets, and quality of workmanship

 How to hire an indoor designer. Picking the right partner.

 interior designer at work Interior designer performing on plans

 Hiring a knowledgeable designer to redecorate your home is often a sound investment. many of us feel they will handle the work themselves but find yourself making expensive mistakes that far exceed the value of a designer. Your designer should be someone who you trust, feel comfortable sharing your opinion with, and provides you confidence in their ability to show your vision into reality. confirm you think about these four points before hiring someone to figure on your project.

 Designer or Decorator?

 When beginning a design project, you’ll need to decide whether you would like a designer or a decorator. an indoor designer must be certified (in some countries: for instance within the USA and Australia, but not within the UK) and will be called in if your project is large scale and requires moving walls or changing the layout of an area. A decorator is trained in design and may assist you to choose new colors, furnishings, and textiles and make an idea for a way they ought to all go together. Once you understand the scope of your project, you’ll be ready to decide whether a decorator or designer is true for you.

 Establish a Budget 

The first thing to work out when starting a design project is your budget. Furnishings and renovations can add up quickly so it’s important to understand what proportion of money you've got available and to stay to the budget. Allow some room for contingencies because unexpected issues nearly always arise.

 luxury interior design Think about what your style is - be smart together with your budget to make the additional feeling of luxury

 Find Your Style

 In order for your designer to make the space you're dreaming of they need to be ready to see your vision. Spend time on design sites like Pinterest, Instagram, and Houzz collecting images of spaces you're keen on that inspire you. this may give your designer a pity your taste and supply a start line for your design.

 Do Your Research

 Now that you simply know what you would like, it’s time to seek out the proper person to assist you to get there. Ask friends and coworkers who did their design and spend time online trying to find designers with great reviews.

 Visit designer’s websites and review their portfolio to ascertain if their aesthetic meshes with yours. Once you meet with a designer, make certain to ask tons of inquiries to make sure you are an honest fit both personality and style-wise.

 Doing it yourself? Follow these 6 tips for perfect DIY interior design

 If you opt to start your interior design project without the assistance of knowledgeable, you'll avoid potential headaches by taking the time to carefully research and plan your project. Use these 6 simple tips to make sure the right project.

 1. Establish Budget and elegance interior design loft style

 Just like when hiring a knowledgeable designer, the primary steps to managing your own design project are to work out your budget and find your design inspiration. When doing all of your own design, you're liable for managing all expenses. So, it’s important to budget out your costs before time otherwise you could run out of cash early within the project.

 Using an idea image and establishing a design style also will assist you to stay focused and on budget. Following one design style will create a cohesive space that appears well thought out. to find out more about current popular design styles, see our breakdown of Top Interior Design Styles at the top of this guide.

 2. Make a Design Plan interior designer planning

 Before you are doing any shopping, sit down, and make a design plan. Start by assessing the décor and furnishings you already own and choose what is going to stay and what should go. this is often an excellent time to edit your possessions and abandoning anything that’s outdated or not useful.

 Consider how you would like to use the space and what items you'll get to make space functional for you and your family. Now make an inventory of the new furniture and décor you'll require to finish the planning.

 Carefully measure the space and make a rough sketch of the space and write the space measurements on the sketch. This plan should also include measurements of furnishings that are staying within the room and therefore the size of spaces any new items will fill. Take this plan and your list with you whenever you shop to guide your purchases and help prevent impulse buys.

 3. Pick a Color Palette interior design grey palette

 The color palette should impact every aspect of your interior design. While you ought to choose colors you wish, you furthermore may need colors that employment well together and complement the fixed finishes in your home.

 A great thanks to select a color palette is to start out with a bit of artwork or fabric that you simply love and pull colors from there. to properly balance the colors throughout the space, follow the 60-30-10 rule. 60 percent of the space should be the dominant color, 30 percent should be the secondary color, and 10 percent should be an accent color.

 4. Follow the 7 Principles of Design 7 principles of interior design 

 When it comes time to implement your design plan, make certain to reference the 7 Principles of Design that are discussed above. The Principles are often applied to your design within the following ways.

  •  Determine a focus and emphasize it with the utilization of other décor elements.
  •  When buying furniture concentrate on scale and proportion.
  •  Look for consistency among finishes and materials to make rhythm and harmony.
  •  Stick to a selected design style for a unified space.
  •  Add contrasting items to make drama and supply variability.
  •  When laying out your furniture attempt to achieve visual balance.
  •  Pay attention to the small print and take the time to place finishing touches on the planning.

 5. Layer in Texture interior design texture

 No matter how beautifully an area is meant, without texture, space will feel flat. Mix plush fabrics like velvet and pretend furs with rough materials like jute and linen. you ought to also include a mixture of textures within the hard surfaces also. Rough wood and stone paired with smooth glass and metal will add interest to an area.

 6. Try accessorizing interior accessorize

 Accessories can help pull a design together and take an indoor from okay to outstanding. Start by curating your existing collection of accessories for pieces you would like to stay. Consider items like travel souvenirs, photographs, and artwork that reflect your interests and personality.

 When buying new accessories, search for pieces that fit with the room’s aesthetic and color palette. Items like flowers, trays, candlesticks, and vases will be used together to make attractive vignettes. the foremost pleasing arrangements feature objects grouped in odd numbers (groups of three work well) and a mixture of tall, short, and medium-sized accessories.

 Now get the look: Our guide to the highest interior design styles

 Discover the 12 hot styles in interior design at the instant. Use our simple tips to realize the design. in fact, interior design is all about establishing your own style during space: so experiment and do not be afraid to require inspiration from different styles. If unsure, refer back to the 7 Principles of Interior Design to make sure you finish up with a cohesive project.

 1. Transitional transitional

 modern luxury interior design Modern luxury interior design with blush pink bedding and copper detailing 

 Transitional design involves a mixture of up to date and traditional design elements to make a contemporary and opulent interior. Dark wood, plush upholstery, and clean lines are a number of the trademarks of this ultra-popular design style.

 To create this style:

  •  Strike a balance between contemporary and traditional pieces.
  •  Stay neutral. Transitional décor features a neutral base with pops of color added through textiles which may be easily changed out for a fresh look.
  •  Accessorize lightly. to take care of a clean, open feeling keep accessorize to a couple of pieces that add interest, and draw attention.
  •  Avoid ornate details. Transitional furnishings feature clean lines and straightforward style.
  •  Add luxurious touches like plush materials and reflective surfaces to elevate the space.

 2. Maximalist

 Minimalist decor with Asian chaise, Seletti light, and floral wallpaper

 Maximalist décor features a mix of colors, patterns, and textures within a singular design style. It’s a glamourous and opulent style that follows a “more is more” aesthetic.

 To create this style:

  •  Stick to one design style. to stop a maximalist space from feeling overwhelming, keep different colors, patterns, and textures within one style.
  •  Create a Connection. Choose a standard element that repeats throughout the space to make a cohesive look.
  •  Prioritize function. Plan a layout that has good flow and meets your needs, then layer in color, pattern, and texture.
  •  Layer up. Add layers of color and pattern throughout the space. Incorporate wallpaper, area rugs, artwork, pillows, and throws and be happy to double up.

 Wallpaper featured is XinSong01 in Dark Copper by XinSong.

 3. Bohemian

 bohemian bedroom interior design Bohemian bedroom with kitsch floral cushions

 Bohemian interior design is an unconventional and artsy Moroccan-inspired style. It features an abundance of colors and patterns with a fun and free-spirited vibe.

 To create this style:

  •  Incorporate colors. From metallics to jewel tones to deep, saturated colors, anything goes in bohemian design.
  •  Mix patterns and don’t worry about matching. Pillows, area rugs, blankets, curtains, and tablecloths are just a few of the areas to feature patterns.
  •  Use a spread of materials. It’s okay to combine linen and sisal with silk and cashmere.
  •  Shop the second user. a very bohemian space is crammed with unique, well-loved pieces you won’t find during a big box store.
  •  Embrace foreign objects. Include décor from around the globe to make a world vibe.

 4. Memphis

 Memphis group interior design

 Memphis Group style interior design Memphis design may be a bold and quirky style with an 80’s flair. crammed with graphic elements, geometric shapes, and first colors this brash style established by the Memphis Group isn't for the mild-mannered.

 To create this style:

  •  Pick a primary color palette. Red, blue, yellow, and green are all you would like to make this style.
  •  Feature bold graphic prints and patterns. Squiggles, lines, and funny shapes are go-to components of Memphis style.
  •  Choose unconventional furniture. search for modular pieces with surprising, post-modern shapes.
  •  Forget function. this is often one design style that prefers fun and outrageous over simple and practical.
  •  Skip the natural materials. Instead choose futuristic finishes like plastic, laminates, and illuminated items.
 Wallpaper featured is Super Abstract in Pastel by Supermundane.

 5. Scandinavian

 Scandinavian interior design 

Scandinavian bedroom interior design Scandinavian décor may be a centuries-old style that features cozy, comfortable spaces and clean, simple design. the last word goal maybe a home that maximizes natural light and generates feelings of contentment and well-being.

 To create this style:

  •  Maximize natural light with white walls and take away window coverings.
  •  Choose a neutral color palette inspired naturally. Select muted reminder amber, mosstone, dusty rose, or ice blue paired with many white.
  •  Use natural materials to make an organic space. Incorporate the maximum amount of wood, leather, cotton, linen, and (faux) fur as possible.
  •  Eliminate clutter by removing items that don't serve a purpose.
  •  Accessorize with plants rather than knick-knacks.
  •  Create interest with layers of texture.

 6. Minimalist

 minimalist interior design Minimalist interior with sculpture and blush pink chairs

 Minimalist décor focuses on surrounding yourself with beautiful things that serve a purpose or bring you joy. this contemporary style features clean surfaces, sleek lines, and open space and provides a relaxing haven from a busy world.

 To create this style:

 Edit and embrace negative space. Discard, recycle, or donate everything that isn’t useful or meaningful.
 Adopt a neutral color palette. Use a base neutral like cream, grey, or beige and add interest by layering in several reminders one color.
 Accessorize with plants to bring life to an area without adding clutter.
 Combine beauty and performance by selecting attractive pieces that serve a purpose.
 Use texture to feature warmth and interest without adding clutter.

 7. Industrial

 Industrial interior design Industrial interior design with wooden table and authentic exposed brick walls

 Industrial design was born from the trend of converting old factories and industrial warehouses into residential spaces. This edgy and slightly masculine décor style exposes the bones of space and embraces raw materials.

 To create this style:

 Bring the within out. Expose ductwork, pipes, and original brick walls to showcase their beauty. 
Embrace raw materials. Cement, wood, and metal dominate in industrial décor.
 Adopt a moody color palette. Natural materials create dark backdrops, add color with warm subdued tones like cranberry, olive, or mustard.
 Leave things unfinished. Raw wood, unpainted concrete, and stripped-down furniture are all OK.
 Focus on form and performance. Choose pieces that are well-built and do a selected job rather well.
 Make a press release with lighting. In minimalistic industrial spaces, lighting can function both art and a focus.

 8. Shabby Chic

 shabby chic interior lores Shabby chic interior with abstract wallpaper

 Born within the ’80s in Santa Monica, California, Shabby Chic interiors combine rustic farmhouse decor with French provincial style. It features a relaxed blend of timeworn furnishings and soft, cozy textiles and focuses on beauty, comfort, and performance.

 To create this style:

  •  Start with a soft color palette. Use warm creams, pale greys, and soft, pale colors with much antique white.
  •  Allow Imperfections. Scratches, watermarks, chips, and wrinkles provide a piece of history and increase the charm.
  •  Repurpose ordinary objects into beautiful shabby chic treasures. Use old windows, doors, shutters, and architectural details in unexpected ways.
  •  Remember to incorporate some chic. Incorporate ornate details and opulent touches to elevate the space.

 Wallpaper featured is Dreamboat in Blue

 9. Mid Century Modern

 mid century modern interior A mid-century modern interior with patterned cushions and period furniture

 Mid-century modern designs are known for sleek lines and organic shapes with stress on function. This timeless style had its heyday within the ’40s and ’50s but has remained hip ever since.

 To create this style:

 Incorporate geometric patterns. search for funky geometric wallpaper, fabrics, and flooring to make a mid-century vibe.
 Look for furniture with skinny, peg legs that hold less visual weight.
 Choose wood furnishings. Add tables, sideboards, and chairs made up of teak, walnut, oak, and rosewood.
 Include iconic furniture styles. Mid-century designers are liable for a number of the foremost iconic furniture styles including Tulip tables, Eames chairs, and Barcelona chairs to call a couple of.
 Replace your lighting with sputnik pendants, globe lights, and wood and linen table lamps.

 10. Modern Coastal

 Modern coastal interior design Coastal interior design with pale blue clapboard walls and shell accessories

 Modern coastal design is an updated version of the beach and coastal styles. This casual style features a clean, breezy feeling without all the kitsch related to nautical décor.

 To create this style:

 Let the sunshine in. Think bright, open, and airy to make that beachy feeling. Open doors and large windows with minimal treatments are key.
 Go natural. Incorporate many natural elements like wicker, rattan, wool, cotton, linen, seagrass, and jute.
 Embrace coastal colors. Choose many white, with sandy beiges and watery blues and greens to bring the hues of the beach inside.
 Choose relaxed and casual furnishings. Low maintenance pieces made with weathered wood and cozy slip-covered seating are coastal staples.

 11. Rustic

 Rustic kitchen interior design Rustic kitchen interior design with shabby chic wallpaper

 Rustic design may be a simple, rugged, and cozy style with a natural aesthetic. like a rustic cabin, rustic décor features raw, organic elements that make an inviting atmosphere.

 To create this style:

  •  Fill your home with natural materials. Rustic interiors feature an abundance of leather, wood, stone, and iron.
  •  Choose natural, earthy colors. Include a spread of wood tones, paired with deep hues like burgundy, brown, amber, or forest green with off-white and cream to lighten things up.
  •  Allow things to stay unfinished. wood and unfinished stone add texture and make an off-the-cuff, relaxed space.
  •  Focus on comfort. Choose plush, oversized furniture that invites you to twist up and relax.
  •  Bring in beams. Wood ceiling beams are a staple of rustic design.
  •  Add a reclaimed wood accent wall to offer a contemporary home a more rustic vibe.
 Wallpaper featured is Oh La La in Verdigris.

 12. Traditional

 traditional interior design Traditional interior with damask wallpaper and velvet curtains

 Traditional interiors are serene, elegant, and well-thought-out. The traditional style is influenced by classic European décor and creates a proper and complicated ambiance.

 To create this style:

  •  Choose a dark OR neutral color palette. Traditional interiors often feature very neutral color schemes with cream or beige paired with dark wood. For people who prefer color, use rich, deep shades like navy, forest green, and burgundy.
  •  Incorporate detailed woodwork. Search for decorative legs, carved moldings, and ornate frames.
  •  Use dark woods with a smooth finish, create contrast with cream and beige textiles.
  •  Decorate with classic art, antiques, and pieces with history.
  •  Create symmetry by buying furniture in pairs and placing items on either side of a central axis.
  •  Add architectural features like columns, arches, cornices, and crown molding.